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Tag Archives: Primavera training course

Dynamic Simulation in Chemical Engineering

Dynamic-Simulation-in-Chemical-Engineering

Dynamic simulation is an extension of steady-state process simulation whereby time-dependence is built into the models via derivative terms i.e. accumulation of mass and energy. The advent of dynamic simulation means that the time-dependent description and control of real processes in real or simulated time are possible. This includes the description of starting up and shutting down a plant, changes ... Read More »

ASTM / American Society for Testing and Materials

ASTM-American-Society-for-Testing-and-Materials

There are numerous American Society for Testing and Materials designations cover the specification of wrought materials, forgings and castings used for plate, fittings, pipe and valves.The ASTM standards are directed to dimensional standards, materials and strength considerations. Some of the more material standards referenced are: A 36 Specification for Structural Steel A 53 Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot ... Read More »

ASME B16 Piping Component Standards

ASME-B16-Piping-Component-Standards

Piping component standard developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers or the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) B16.1 Cast Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings B16.3 Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings, Class 150 and 300 B16.4 Cast Iron Threaded Fittings, Classes 125 and 250 B16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings B16.9 Factory Made Wrought Steel Buttwelding Fittings B16.10 Face to ... Read More »

Conversion of Units

Conversion-of-units

Conversion Factor: 1 Meter = 3.28 Feet 1 Meter = 39.37 Inches 1 Meter = 100 Centimeters 1 Meter = 1000 Millimeters 1 Foot = 12 Inches 1 Inch = 2.54 Centimeters 1 Centimeter = 10 Millimeters S.no English – Fraction (Inch) English Decimal (Inch) English (Millimeter) 1. 1/16 0.0625 1.6 2. 1/8 0.125 3.2 3. 1/4 0.25 6.4 4. ... Read More »

Piping Engineers Must Be Check

Area-and-Volume

AREA Definition: A surface covered by specific shape is called area of that shape. i.e. area of square, circle etc. 1. Square: Area of Square = L x L = L2 Where L = L Length of side So if L = 5 cm Then Area = 5 x 5 = 25 cm2 2. Rectangle: Area of Rectangle = L ... Read More »

Abbreviations for Piping Drawings

Abbreviations for Piping Drawings

General S.No Abbreviation Description 1 BOP Bottom of Pipe 2 CL Center Line 3 EL Elevation 4 GR Grade 5 HC Hose Connection 6 ID Inside Diameter 7 MAT’L Materials 8 MTO Materials Take Off 9 REV Revision 10 OD Outside Diameter 11 SPEC Specification 12 STD Standard 13 BW Butt Weld 14 CONC Concentric 15 ECC Eccentric Related Courses ... Read More »

Placing Dead Weight Support

Placing-Dead-Weight-Support

This tip will give you a guideline for locating the supports in your piping system Locate dead weight supports using recommended spacing from the code (B31 etc.). Consider existing support points. Decrease span by half off equipment. Decrease span for concentrated loads. Support concentrated loads. Support offset loads. Decrease span for extra lagging or insulation. Locate supports at changes in ... Read More »

What is Oil Refinery ?

what-is-oil-refinery

When talking about refinery, we need to be able to differentiate and identify an oil refinery from the edible oil refinery. Basically, the oil refinery (or petroleum refinery) is an industrial process plant where crude oil (from crude petroleum) is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such as Gasoline Diesel fuel Asphalt base Heating oil Kerosene Liquefied petroleum ... Read More »

What do Petroleum Engineers do?

what-do-petroleum-engineers-do

Petroleum Engineers are employed by oil or gas companies to design, test and implement efficient methods to extract petroleum products from the earth and sea floor. They spend most of their time making estimations because they can never see what is actually going on thousands of meters below the ground. They work closely with other professionals, such as geologists, to ... Read More »

Types of Common Fittings

Types of Common Fittings

Flange Weld Neck, Slip On, Socket Weld, Screwed, Lap Joint, Blind Neck Elbow Butt Weld (LR, STD, SR), Screwed, Socket Weld Equal Tee Tee Butt Weld, Screwed, Socket Weld Un-Equal Tee Butt Weld, Screwed, Socket Weld Concentric Reducer Butt Weld, Screwed, Socket Weld Eccentric Reducer Butt Weld Coupling Screwed, Socket Weld, Reduced Bushing Screwed Boss Screwed, Socket Weld Weld-o’let Butt ... Read More »

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