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# Tag Archives: caesar training in chennai

## ASTM / American Society for Testing and Materials

There are numerous American Society for Testing and Materials designations cover the specification of wrought materials, forgings and castings used for plate, fittings, pipe and valves.The ASTM standards are directed to dimensional standards, materials and strength considerations. Some of the more material standards referenced are: A 36 Specification for Structural Steel A 53 Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot ... Read More »

## EFW Pipe vs ERW Pipe

EFW Pipe vs ERW Pipe:- EFW Pipe Manufacturing Processing of Electric Fusion Welding, also called Continuous Welding begins as coiled steel with appropriate thickness, width and weight is made. To form a continuous ribbon of steel several coils are welded together. Then the steel ribbon is heated to the necessary temperature and formed into an oval. In the next step ... Read More »

## Conversion of Units

Conversion Factor: 1 Meter = 3.28 Feet 1 Meter = 39.37 Inches 1 Meter = 100 Centimeters 1 Meter = 1000 Millimeters 1 Foot = 12 Inches 1 Inch = 2.54 Centimeters 1 Centimeter = 10 Millimeters S.no English – Fraction (Inch) English Decimal (Inch) English (Millimeter) 1. 1/16 0.0625 1.6 2. 1/8 0.125 3.2 3. 1/4 0.25 6.4 4. ... Read More »

## Piping Engineers Must Be Check

AREA Definition: A surface covered by specific shape is called area of that shape. i.e. area of square, circle etc. 1. Square: Area of Square = L x L = L2 Where L = L Length of side So if L = 5 cm Then Area = 5 x 5 = 25 cm2 2. Rectangle: Area of Rectangle = L ... Read More »

## Test Pressure Detail from Codes

Code Test type Test pressure minimum Test pressure maximum Test pressure holding time Examination ASME B31.1 Hydrostatic(1) 1.5 time design Max allowable test pressure any component or 90 percent of yield 10 minutes Design pressure ASME B31.1 Pneumatic 1.2 times design 1.5 times design or max allowable test pressure any component 10 minutes Lower of 100 psig or design pressure ... Read More »

## Abbreviations for Piping Drawings

General S.No Abbreviation Description 1 BOP Bottom of Pipe 2 CL Center Line 3 EL Elevation 4 GR Grade 5 HC Hose Connection 6 ID Inside Diameter 7 MAT’L Materials 8 MTO Materials Take Off 9 REV Revision 10 OD Outside Diameter 11 SPEC Specification 12 STD Standard 13 BW Butt Weld 14 CONC Concentric 15 ECC Eccentric Related Courses ... Read More »

## About the CAESAR II Documentation

To address the sheer volume of information available on CAESAR II and present it in a concise and useful manner to the analyst the program documentation is presented in three separate manuals: The User Guide describes the basic operation and flow of the many routines found in CAESAR II. This document provides necessary installation information, gives an overview of the ... Read More »