- BILL – The portion of a pipe, which is enlarged to receive the end of another pipe of the same diameter for the purpose of making a joint; also called a Hub.
- BLOW-OFF – A controlled outlet on a pipeline used to discharge water.
- BRANCH – A part of piping system other than the main or riser.
- BUTT JOINT – A type of joint in which the metals to be joined are aligned on the same plane.
- CAP – A fitting into which the end of the pipe is screwed or joined to close the end of the pipe.
- CAULKING – One of the common ways to make a watertight seal in a joint by using a material called oakum.
- CONDENSATE – The resulting water when the steam cools.
- DOUBLE OFFSET – Two offsets in succession or in series in the same pipeline.
- DRY VENT – A vent that does not carry water nor water-borne waste.
- ELBOW – A fitting normally used to allow a pipeline to make a turn or change in direction.
- FITTING – Where sections or lengths of pipes are connected.
- FIXTURE – A receptacle attached to a plumbing system other than a trap in which water or waste may be collected or retained.
- FIXTURE BRANCH – The supply pipe between the fixture and the distributing line.
- FIXTURE DRAIN – The drain extending from the trap of a plumbing fixture to a junction of the drain with any other drain pipe.
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- FLANGE – A projecting collar, edge, rib, rim, or ring on pipe, shaft or the like.
- FLUID – Any substance that flows
- GOOSE NECK – Any section of pipe, curved like a neck of a goose or in a U-shape; sometimes flexible.
- JIG – A device for guiding or holding a part or parts in correct mechanical alignment, either in the process of fabrication or in the final assembly.
- JOINT – The connection between elements in a piping system.
- LATERAL – A sewer which discharge into a branch and has no other common sewer tributary to it.
- PIPE HANGER – A device to support pipe or group of pipes from a slab, beam, celling or other structural elements.
- PIPE HOOK – A device to support pipe from a wall.
- PIPE PLUG – A fitting with external threads used to close the end of a ferrule, fitting or pipe having internal threads.
- PIPE SADDLE – A vertical support on which a pipe rests.
- REDUCER – A fitting used to connect pipes of different sizes or diameters together.
- RUN – The side adjacent to a given angle in a right triangle; also adjacent side.
- SCHEMATICS – A line drawing or graph design made for technical or scientific purposes that explains how a system works by using symbols and connecting lines.
- SET – The side opposite the given angle in a right triangle; another name for opposite side in trigonometry
- SPIGOT – The end of a pipe that fits into a bell in making a joint; also a word synonyms with faucet.
- TEE – A T-shaped fitting with branch outlet at 90° to the main line.
- TRAVEL – The side opposite the right angle in a right triangle; also hypotenuse.
- VENT – A pipe installed to provide a flow of air to or from a drainage system or to provide a circulation of air which in some systems protect trap scals from siphenage and back pressure.
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